The length of its blade represents the upper limit of the range of the most massive knives. A solid grip was provided by a knobbed hilt added on, possibly with ridges for the fingers. The Praetorian was an inexpensive Roman Gladius made by Valiant Armoury during the early days when Sonny Suttles took over this business and began revamping their Philippine made line. La cuestión del gladius hispaniensis", "Gladius hispaniensis: an archaeological view from Iberia", RUNIC INSCRIPTIONS IN OR FROM THE NETHERLANDS, "Metallurgical Investigations on Two Sword Blades of 7th and 3rd Century B.C. While regular soldiers had to wrap their metal handles with leather or textile to be more comfortable. The length of the blade is 50–55 cm (20–22 in). Schmidt, Karl Horst, 'Keltisches Wortgut im Lateinischen', in: Glotta 44 (1967), p. 159. All-Knives.org is a participant in the Amazon Services LLC Associates Program, an affiliate advertising program designed to provide a means for website owners to earn advertising fees by advertising and linking to amazon(.com, .co.uk, .ca etc) and any other website that may be affiliated with Amazon Service LLC Associates Program. A soldier generally led with the shield and thrust with the sword.. We will do our best to describe its features briefly, but first, let’s review the 5 best roman gladius sword of 2020. Found in Central Italy", Significant Contributions in the Study of European Arms and Armor, Armamentarium: subject bibliographies: swords, "The Roman Legionary and His Equipment in The First Century AD: An Assessment of the findings of The Ermine Street Guard", Iron of the Empire: The History and Development of the Roman Gladius, Study of the Metallography of Some Roman Swords, From Rapier to Langsax: Sword Structure in the British Isles in the Bronze and Iron Ages. The sword weighed 1 kg (2.2 lb) for the largest versions, most likely a standard example would weigh 900 g (2.0 lb). Romans continued to forge swords, both as composites and from single pieces. It was also the earliest and longest blade of the gladii, pronounced leaf-shape compared to the other forms. The advantage of a short sword over a long sword is that you can use with one hand, it has a smaller mass, and it is easier for flipping. The gladius was sheathed in a scabbard mounted on a belt or shoulder strap. Roman Legionary Gladius Sword 100% Bone handle scabbard sold only by Terry Nix. The Gladius Hispaniensis was a Roman sword used from around 216 BC until 20 BC. A central core of the sword contained the highest: 0.15–0.25% carbon. So people used the sword they had at home for all kinds of hunting to feed the children. $550.00. This is the sword that conquered most of the known world. But don’t be fooled that it’s as light as a feather. The width of the blade is 5 cm (2.0 in).  The Romans used it until the end of the 1st century. As with any sword, it is best to keep the blade thickness optimal (neither large nor small), because it must be ideal for stabbing and cutting. Free shipping. The gladius sword averaged 18 to 24 inches in length, its design inspired by Spaniard blades. Buy It Now +$27.00 shipping. Gladius got a name by the Latin word “ɡladiʊs” which means sword in translation. Sheath has a small chain to adjust the belt. $77. The owner's name was often engraved or punched on the blade. The Fulham gladius has a triangular tip. It eliminated the curvature, lengthened the blade, and diminished the point. We can say that bone is the most used handle material, but it is also the most expensive. Add to Cart Add to Cart Add to Cart Customer Rating: 4.7 out of 5 stars: 4.5 out of 5 stars: 3.8 out of 5 stars: 4.4 out of 5 stars: Price: Unavailable $38.21 $ 38. Schrijver, Peter, The Reflexes of the Proto-Indo-European Laryngeals in Latin, Rodopi, 1991, p. 174. Watch; An Important Iberian Antenna Hilt Short Sword and Scabbard, ca. or Best Offer. The sword has parallel cutting edges and a triangular tip. $175.00. These early ancient Roman swords were called Xiphos. The primary function of this Roman sword was for thrusting and stabbing in close combat with the enemy. Ancient Roman gladius, along with Xiphos, is one of the smallest swords that existed. Augustus is semi-nude, and sits in the pose of Jupiter, flanked by the Roman gods of Victory and Mars Ultor, while Tiberius, in military dress, presents Augustus with a statuette of Victory. The Chiusian sword was created from a single bloom by forging from a temperature of 1237 °C. It kept the curvature, but shortened and widened the blade and made the point triangular. ), p. 118. In Stock! As we said, the gladius is one of the shortest swords in the industry. This quality material is very lightweight and very durable. The early Gladius (our version is of the Maintz pattern) was wasp-waisted with a long point that combined cutting power and stabbing ability in one handy weapon. The word appears in literature as early as the plays of Plautus (Casina, Rudens). The length of the sword is 60–65 cm (24–26 in). When first examining the gladius, it is difficult to see how such a small weapon, just 18 inches long, was capable of being so effective. Gladius (literally means “sword”) was a Roman sword used in legions and in arenas by gladiators. More recent archaeological finds have uncovered an earlier version, the gladius Hispaniensis. The typical shaped steel blade has black decorations along its middle line. This is the shortest of the gladii. The differences between these varieties are subtle. Delamarre, Xavier, Dictionnaire de la langue gauloise, Errance, 2003 (2nd ed. Roman Gladius sword with stainless steel blade 440. The sword has parallel cutting edges and a triangular tip. The gladius was the sword of Ancient Roman foot soldiers. The Fulham gladius or Mainz-Fulham gladius was a Roman sword that was used after Aulus Plautius' invasion of Britain in 43 AD. The point of the sword was more triangular than the Gladius Hispaniensis. $77. Three types of steel are most dominant. The Legionnaire: Rugged, Crowned Roman Gladius with Leather Grip. If the sword did not have a wide edge, it would not serve to anything that is the fact. The Gladius Hispaniensis was the largest and heaviest of the gladii.  However, the gladius in some circumstances was used for cutting or slashing, as is indicated by Livy's account of the Macedonian Wars, wherein the Macedonian soldiers were horrified to see dismembered bodies.. The decoration on the scabbard illustrates the ceding of military victory to Augustus by Tiberius after a successful Alpine campaign. This gladius is a gorgeous version of the sword that conquered 75 percent of the known world. But despite this, the Roman Wasp Waisted Gladius is really quite nicely balanced and my first practice swings with this sword were surprising. It was often ornate, especially the sword-hilts of officers and dignitaries. An iconic weapon of the Roman Empire, the historical gladius was wielded by legionnaires and centurions in many famous battles. Four instances of the sword type were found in Pompeii, with others turning up elsewhere. The original Hispanic sword, which was used during the republic, had a slight "wasp-waist" or "leaf-blade" curvature. What was the Roman sword used for? The greatest is the "Crowned" pommel which provides extra grip area. It is a short sword with a double-edged steel blade. We recommend that if you have a chance to have a handle of bone, don’t lose it. So it is with weight. At home, the less battle-effective Pompeii version came into use. The Vetulonian sword was crafted by the pattern welding process from five blooms reduced at a temperature of 1163 °C. Next page. If you choose a rubber, then it should be the highest quality that you can find. Buying a Sword carries a variety of Roman gladii, including designs like the Mainz gladius and Pompeii gladius. The little blade has its disadvantages, for example, you have to get too close to the opponent, so you give him a chance to attack because the distance is shorter between you and the opponent. The other name of the Roman sword is the Gladius Hispaniensis. Gladius used Roman foot soldiers during wars from the 3rd-century BC to the 3rd century AD, more precisely until the fall of the western Roman empire. The Mainz Gladius is made of heavily corroded iron and a sheath made of tinned and gilded bronze. From the 3rd century BC, however, the Romans adopted a sword similar to the one used by the Celtiberians and others late into the Second Punic War, known in Latin as the gladius hispaniensis, or "Hispanic sword". The greatest is the "Crowned" pommel which provides extra grip area.  A full size replica can be seen at Fulham Palace, Fulham. No Guard Engraving Guard Engraving - One Side [Add $7.50] Guard Engraving - Both Sides [Add $15.00] Rush Shipping 15: Delivery within 10 calendar days [Add $15.00]Please check if you require delivery within 10 days of the order date. $100.35 shipping. This one, particularly ornated, replicate sword could really have belonged to a very important person like the great Julius Caesar. We could appreciate it in the "turtle formation" where legionnaires hide theirselves behind a Scutum and because of their enemies closeness it was possible to hurt them without breaking the formation or having casualties. But as mentioned in the beginning, the short blade was used because it saved much material and money.  A text attributed to Polybius describes the adoption of this design by the Romans even before the end of the war, which canonical Polybius reaffirms by calling the later Roman sword gladius hispaniensis in Latin and iberiké machaira in Greek. Four instances of the sword type were found in Pompeii, with others turning up elsewhere. $789.00. $20.00 shipping.  It has been suggested that the sword used by Roman cavalrymen was different from the infantry model, but most academics have discarded this view. The sword was 65 to 70 centimetres long. The Xiphos functioned as a sidearm for intemperately girded hoplites who mainly used spears. Gladiators are later also the users of this sword. Reenactments, reconstructions, experimental archaeology, Articles on the history or manufacture of the sword, McCone, Kim, "Greek Κελτός and Γαλάτης, Latin Gallus 'Gaul', in: Die Sprache 46, 2006, p. 106. Of course, let’s not forget, the gladius blade length ranges from 18 to 27 inches. But no worries, the sword will still be great. Since leather is not the dominant handle material on a gladius, then that place has to take bone. The reason why they used it was simple, it was the cheapest, the most affordable and the best quality metal of that time. During the many centuries of use of this sword for military purposes, forgers used steel exclusively for crafting it. The Pompeii gladius was named by modern historians after the Roman town of Pompeii. We hope that we at All-Knives provide you with the type of quality, no bull, and clearheaded articles to make the best knife choice for you. The width of the sword was 5 cm (2.0 in). The handsome Centurion Gladius Swords feature a functional blade that is hand forged and tempered. Perfect for re-enactors, collectors, and combatants, the functional gladius and decorative gladius replicas you will find here are of unbeatable quality. But this is not the case here. Ancient Romans used a gladius sword for hunting The use of gladius blade in hunting does not only apply to soldiers but also the ordinary population. Though the primary infantry attack was thrusting at stomach height, they were trained to take any advantage, such as slashing at kneecaps beneath the shield wall. In the past, only military leaders were honoured to have a bone on their handles. This group includes several elements that you must have heard. Our Design Toscano historic Roman Gladius sword reproduction features a cast metal pommel, hilt and finger grip. The width of the blade is 6 cm (2.4 in). $770.00. What was the Roman sword called? Indeed, it is not suitable for the blade to be small in thickness, because it will easily crack when you struck, while a thick blade will prevent the sword from going through things. Experts add carbon and chromium to this type of steel. Classic Arms and Militaria Magazine. This handle length corresponds to the length of knives. And the last one is 420 stainless steel. A recent metallurgical study of two Etrurian swords, one in the form of a Greek kopis from 7th century BC Vetulonia, the other in the form of a gladius Hispaniensis from 4th century BC Chiusa, gives insight concerning the manufacture of Roman swords. From Bosnia and Herzegovina. In What Tasks Ancient Romans Used The Gladius Sword? The length of the blade was 60–68 cm (24–27 in). It is decorative. The Mainz Gladius still had wasp-waisted curves. It is glued together with wider block to form the rough overall size of the guard. Roman swords are among a treasure trove of stunning artifacts found at the site of an ancient cavalry barracks in the U.K. This replica Roman gladius is an ideal piece for collectors, reenactors, or for costumes. We’ll talk about rubber shortly. The articles in the links below often differ both in theory and in detail. We are a Retail and Wholesale Roman Swords, Roman Helmets, Roman Shields, Roman Armors , A fully equipped Roman legionary after the reforms of Gaius Marius was armed with a shield (scutum), one or two javelins (pila), a sword (gladius), often a dagger (pugio), and, perhaps in the later empire period, darts (plumbatae). It is good to note that this blade is one of the thinnest; this thickness can only be on the knives. Pompeii gladius (or Pompeianus or Pompei): Named by modern historians after the Roman town of Pompeii, this gladius was by far the most popular one.  The republican authors, however, appear to mean a specific type of sword, which is now known from archaeology to have had variants. The Roman Gladius Sword by Marto of Toledo Spain is a Roman Gladius sword of the Mainz type, used between the 2nd century b.C. When used in formation behind a shield wall the gladius was unstoppable. Wasteland Gladius. Ancient Roman gladius, along with Xiphos, is one of the smallest swords that existed. Authentic Real Forged, Functional "Battle Ready Swords" All the swords found in our functional swords section are real swords that are properly forged, tempered and made like the originals. Roman Swords; Roman Guard Gladius Sword And Scabbard 4 ( 19 reviews) Your Price: $56.99. The swords weiighs 700 g (1.5 lb) (wooden hilt).  These weapons are quite original in their design, so that they cannot be confused with Gallic types. Our hand forged gladius are forged from modern carbon steels for re-enactment and stage use and cutting. gladius may have replaced ensis, which until then was used mainly by poets..